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Friday, November 24, 2006

Auto Update Statistics Asynchronously.

In SQL Server 2000 if the engine determined that the statistics are out of date it would update the statistics and then run the query. If you had a very long table this could take a long time. In SQL server 2005 by turning Auto Update Statistics Asynchronously On the query will run with the old statistics which is not optimal but will probably still be faster than updating the statistics first on a large table and then running the query. The statistics will be updated after the query and the next queries can take advantage of the updated statistics.


Usage:
AUTO_UPDATE_STATISTICS_ASYNC { ON OFF }

ON
Queries that initiate an automatic update of out-of-date statistics will not wait for the statistics to be updated before compiling. Subsequent queries will use the updated statistics when they are available.
OFF
Queries that initiate an automatic update of out-of-date statistics, wait until the updated statistics can be used in the query optimization plan.
Setting this option to ON has no effect unless AUTO_UPDATE_STATISTICS is set to ON.

So how do you enable this? Here is an example for the AdventureWorks database however setting this option to ON has no effect unless AUTO_UPDATE_STATISTICS is also set to ON.

ALTER DATABASE AdventureWorks SET AUTO_UPDATE_STATISTICS_ASYNC ON WITH NO_WAIT

What does Books On Line have to say about this?

Asynchronous Statistics Updates

A query that initiates an update of out-of-date statistics must wait for those statistics to be updated before compiling and returning a result set. This can cause unpredictable query response times and may cause applications that have aggressive time-outs to fail.

In SQL Server 2005, the database option AUTO_UPDATE_STATISTICS_ASYNC provides asynchronous statistics updating. When this option is set to ON, queries do not wait for the statistics to be updated before compiling. Instead, the out-of-date statistics are put on a queue for updating by a worker thread in a background process. The query and any other concurrent queries compile immediately by using the existing out-of-date statistics. Because there is no delay for updated statistics, query response times are predictable; however, the out-of-date statistics may cause the query optimizer to choose a less-efficient query plan. Queries that start after the updated statistics are ready will use those statistics. This may cause the recompilation of cached plans that depend on the older statistics version.


The AUTO_UPDATE_STATISTICS_ASYNC option is set at the database level and determines the update method for all statistics in the database. It is applicable only to statistics updating and cannot be used to asynchronously create statistics. Setting this option to ON has no effect unless AUTO_UPDATE_STATISTICS is also set to ON. By default, the AUTO_UPDATE_STATISTICS_ASYNC option is OFF

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